Patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes need to include a high-energy breakfast which will help them to lose weight, improves diabetes and can decrease the need for insulin. According to a study, it states that the type 2 diabetes patients with three meals per day that consist of a big breakfast, average lunch, and small dinner have got more positive effects than the patients with a traditional diet with six small meals.
The lead author Daniela Jakubowicz of the Tel Aviv University said that the most important thing is “the hour of the day, when you eat and how frequently you eat.” When we take a slice of bread and eat it, it leads to low glucose response and is less fattening than making bread in the evening hours. Jakubowicz along with her colleagues have studied 11 women and 18 men who are suffering from obesity and type 2 diabetes. The patients are randomly asked to consume one of two different weight loss diets for three months.
One group eats three meals that include a big breakfast, medium-sized lunch, and a small dinner. The second group fed a traditional diet that consists of six meals which are evenly placed throughout the day. The glucose level and glucose spikes are measured for 14 days at baseline. Glucose level is continuously monitored, and insulin dosage is adjusted according to that. After three months it is observed that the three meal intake group has lost 5 Kg while six meal intake groups have gained 1.4 Kg.
The researchers found out that the overall glycemia is reduced in 14 days on a diet. This suggests that the change in meal timing is beneficial as it affects the glucose balance and it is improved by the weight loss found on a 3M diet. The study was presented at ENDO 2018 in Chicago.