Guillermo Haro is a Mexican astronomer who first spotted the supernovae and flare stars in the night sky. Google Doodle honors him on Wednesday which is his 105th birthday. He was the first astronomer also to discover several nebulae in the cosmos.
Astronomer Guillermo Haro observed jets of gases which are ejected at hundreds of miles per second from the newborn stars in space. He saw all these with the help of his perch which is present at Tonantzintla Observatory in Puebla, Mexico. The formations he had seen are known as Herbig-Haro objects. He also shares his credit with George Herbig who also helps in identifying them.
Haro thoroughly searched the night sky around the Orion Nebula which is in Orion constellation and found the red and blue flare stars. These stars are small and move unpredictably with brightness. He also discovered the Haro-Chavira Comet.
A Mexican writer named as Alfonso Reyes dubbed him as “the priest of the telescope.” He earned this fame during the mid 20th century for his observations and became Mexico’s foremost astronomer. He continues to search for the stars until the end of his life.
Haro was on March 21, 1913, in Mexico’s capital city. He studied his philosophy at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. He never wanted to become an astronomer, but astronomer Luis Enrique Erro lured him towards stars and made him as his assistant at the Tonantzintla Observatory. He has gone to get trained at observatories in the United States which included Havard College Observatory and Case Institute of Technology. He returned to Schmidt camera telescope facility, Tonantzintla in 1945.
Haro becomes the first Mexican who got elected to the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1959. He has received the Lomonosov Medal from the USSR Academy of Science in 1986. He has established the National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics, and Electronics. Haro died on April 26, 1988.
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