There are various kinds of bacterias and viruses which are present in our surroundings, one such virus is Coronavirus which is found in animals like bats, snakes but eventually it got mutated and got transferred in the humans. It has become lethal and wiping out a huge population of countries including China, Italy, USA, Iran and India.
1. What is Corona Virus or Covid -19?
Coronaviruses are a group of related viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds and humans, Coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infection that can be mild, such as some cases of the common cold and others than can be lethal, such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and COVID-19. These viruses are life-threatening. Symptoms in other species vary: in chicken, they cause an upper respiratory tract disease, while in cows and pigs they cause diarrhea.
2. What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 or Coronavirus are fever, tiredness and dry cough, breathing problem. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. More rarely, the disease can be serious and even fatal. Older people, and people with other medical conditions such as (asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), may be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill.
Most people i.e about 80% recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
People may experience:
- Dry Cough
- Breathing Problem
- Muscle Ache
- Body Ache
- Nasal Congestion
- Runny Nose
- Sore Throat
3. Who is at risk of developing severe illness?
- People with serious chronic medical conditions: People with pre-medical existing conditions like (asthma, cancer, lung disease, or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others. Just like the study suggests, people with these underlying problems have a taxed immune system and cannot fight off the infection. The same data from the Chinese CDC shows that the mortality rate among people with cardiovascular disease is 10.8%. The death rate among people with diabetes is 7.3% and among with respiratory disease is 6.3%.
- The Elderly: Data from the Chinese Centre for Disease Control shows that death rates are startingly higher in people above the age of 60. The study says that 14.8% of people above the age of 80, 8% between the age of 70 and 79 and 3.6% between the age of 60 and 69 died. People who have aged and have weak immune systems have harder time fighting off the COVID-19 infections. Symptoms in such cases extend to high fever and pulmonary problems that require the patient to be put on ventilators.
What Precautions should we take to prevent Coronavirus?
As of now, no vaccine has been formulated for the novel coronavirus. In light of this fact, prevention appears to be the best cure available so far. So, here are some precautions you should take to keep virus at bay:
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Maintain at least three feet distance between yourself and anyone who us coughing or sneezing.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- When sneezing or coughing cover your nose and mouth with handkercheif or with a tissue and then dispose off the tissue.
- Wash your hands often with soap for atleast 20 seconds, or use santizier whenever you are out of the house.
- Clean and disinfect frequently-touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
- Wearing a mask is not necessary unless you are taking care of an infected person. The Centres for Disease Control (CDC) does recommend that only infected people wear masks to prevent the spread of the virus.
- If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.Always wash hands with soap and water when hands are visibly dirty.
- Keep in mind the travel advisory set out by the Ministry of Health and Welfare.